A breast reduction is also known as reduction mammaplasty, and when it is performed on a man it is often called gynecomastia surgery. Performed by the surgeons at Spectrum Plastic Surgery, a breast reduction decreases the amount of breast tissue. It is different than a breast lift, which only removes lax skin (and is sometimes coupled with liposuction for adipose tissue removal around the breast). A breast reduction may be combined with a breast lift when both breast tissue and skin removal are required. However, a breast reduction surgery in itself is comprised of reducing breast volume by removing excess breast tissue.
Overly large breasts can occur for many reasons including genetics, hormonal imbalance, pregnancy, and weight gain. Large breasts may be caused by excess adipose tissue, enlarged milk glands, or both. Many patients find breasts that are too large not to be aesthetically pleasing, and large breasts can also cause physical and mental distress. Back pain is often associated with larger breasts, as are some blood circulation issues. Patients may not be able to comfortably partake in favorite hobbies or activities and are often restricted in terms of what they can wear. The mental despair associated with large breasts can include anxiety (including social anxiety) and depression.